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Lost Place in Memories about Forced Resettlement and in Social Practices


Folkloristika: 5/1 (2020): 73–88
Author: Irina Koval'-Fuchilo
Text: PDF

 

V vospominanijah o prinuditel'nyh pereselenijah tipichnym motivom javljaetsja opisanie mesta, kotoroe prishlos' pokinut' ne po svoej vole. Jeto mesto v rasskazah priobretaet ideal'nye cherty, obraz utrachennogo raja. Idealizacija chashhe vsego projavljaetsja v opisanijah krasivyh pejzazhej, bogatyh prirodnyh resursov, uspeshnogo hozjajstvovanija, osobenno druzhnoj sel'skoj obshhiny, a takzhe v soznatel'nom, a chashhe neosoznannom umolchanii ili umen'shenii negativnyh vospominanij, svjazannyh s poterjannym mestom. Segodnja shiroko rasprostranilis' razlichnye formy social'noj aktivnosti s cel'ju memorializacii zatoplennyh sel: ezhegodnye vstrechi pereselencev, izdanie knig o pereselennyh naselennyh punktah, otkrytie pamjatnyh znakov vblizi vodohranilishh.
Kljuchevye slova: ustnaja istorija, vospominanija, migracija, zatoplennaja territorija, motiv „poterjannyj raj“, idealizacija

 

In the memories about forced resettlement caused by various factors, a typical motive is to describe a place that had to be left out. This place in the stories acquires perfect features, the image of lost paradise. Idealization is most often reflected in descriptions of beautiful landscapes, rich natural resources, successful management, especially friendly community, as well as in the conscious, and more often unconscious silence or downsizing of the negative memories about the lost place. Today, various forms of social activity have become widespread for the purpose of memorializing flooded villages: annual meetings of displaced persons, publication of books about resettled settlements, opening of memorial signs near reservoirs.
Key words: oral history, memories, migration, flooded territory, "lost paradise", idealization